MANAGING DEMOCRATIC TRANSITION IN LIBERIA 2016-2018 - Nov 2019

Governance Commission-Liberia

Description

The Comprehensive Peace Agreement of 2003 called for installing a constitutional government, undertaking governance reform and establishing an agenda for peace, reconciliation and healing, among others. In pursuit of these goals, elections were held in 2005 and an elected government was inaugurated in January 2006. Over the last 10 years, a range of policies, programs and projects has been formulated and implemented first under the Interim Poverty Reduction Strategy (IPRS) (2006-2007) and the Poverty Reduction Strategy (PRS) (2008-2012) with the objective of boosting post-conflict recovery, and then under the Agenda for Transformation (AfT) to begin a process of medium term development (2013-2017). Coupled with the AfT is the National Reconciliation and Healing Roadmap with its focus on accounting for the past, managing the present and planning for the future. Couched in the National Vision 2030, both sets of initiatives (the AfT and Roadmap) aim to assist in propelling Liberia to middle income status by 2030 and to build a unified peaceful nation. Most of the initiatives of the AfT and Roadmap were formulated through inclusive consultative processes so as to enhance ownership of Liberians; most have enjoyed the generous support of regional and international partners. 
 
The 2017 Presidential and Legislative Elections will be historic because a new President—a different President—will take over and organize a new Executive Branch of Government. In the Legislature, every seat in the House of Representatives is up for election and it is possible that an entirely new “Lower House” of the Legislature could be installed. This constitutional political transition has significant implications for the governance reform and peace, reconciliation and healing agendas which are being implemented to achieve ultimately our goal of becoming a reconciled nation, a middle income economy driven largely by SMEs, and a consolidated democracy. Seen also within the context of the withdrawal of UNMIL, Liberia’s 2017 constitutional political transition takes on added security implications.

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